INTRODUCTION: The demand for halal cosmetics among the world’s 2.4 billion Muslim consumers is on the rise. However, the demand for halal cosmetics remains unmet as cosmetics production is dominated by non-halal cosmetics manufacturers, whose production methods may not comply with the requirements of halal science. The development of halal cosmetics and the performance evaluation of their products are still in their infancy. The integration of halal science in the production of most cosmetic products remains insufficient. In addition, there is a global shortage of guidance documents on development and evaluation techniques in the manufacture of halal cosmetics globally. This document aims to summarize the existing literature and knowledge of halal and cosmetic science in order to provide essential technical guidance in the adoption of these methods solves the unique ethical issues associated with compliance of cosmetic product performance with best practices. religions and halal science. It highlights the applicability of well-established methods in skin science to evaluate halal cosmetics.
FUTURE POSPECTS: Halal Cosmetics are gaining notoriety and increasing demand among the 2.4 billion Muslim consumers worldwide. The global halal market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 6.8% through 2024. In addition to the large Muslim population that is very loyal to halal products, halal cosmetics have broader market appeal among consumers non-Muslims, who attribute ethical consumption and higher quality assurance standards for these products. Moreover, for non-Muslims, halal can become an accepted benchmark of conformity and quality in business relations with Muslims. Halal cosmetic products must not contain ingredients derived from pork, carrion, blood, human body parts, predatory animals, reptiles, and insects, among others. Cosmetic ingredients derived from permitted animals must be slaughtered by Islamic law to be considered halal. During the preparation, processing, production, storage, and transport of halal cosmetic products, compliance with hygiene and purity conditions must be ensured at all times. The emphasis is on the absence of dirt. The intention to certify products as halal parallels the objectives of most quality assurance procedures (eg cGMP, HACCP). Therefore, halal cosmetic products bearing the halal logo should be recognized as an indicator of cleanliness, safety, purity, and quality.
CHALLENGES: Cosmetic products are complex and consist of several highly processed products made with ingredients of animal or vegetable origin. After application, cosmetic products can be involuntarily ingested (eg lipstick), inhaled (eg perfumes), or absorbed through the skin (eg alcohol or ingredients of critical origin). With known challenges, manufacturers need to ensure that cosmetic products are critically developed to have halal composition and holistically support the requirements of Islamic rituals (e.g. wudu, cleaning before prayer, or Quran reading) performed daily. Several challenges must be taken into account in the development of halal cosmetics. Cosmetic ingredients of animal origin such as gelatin, lecithin, glycerol, fatty acids, and collagen are very difficult to verify as halal. Some dyes may be derived from insects, therefore qualifying as haram. Additionally, bovine-derived ingredients present another challenge, as the animals may be slaughtered in a non-halal manner. In production, not only the use of halal ingredients is required, but also the overall performance of the cosmetic product, to meet the requirements of Islamic rituals. For example, a lacquered nail must be water permeable to allow sufficient rinsing, and cosmetics applied to the skin must also be water permeable or well rinsed to allow Muslims to perform their rituals accordingly.